Complications of Diabetes
It is obtained as a result of damage to blood vessels. Due to diabetes, the small blood vessels can become weaker, and the large ones - harden, narrow and become blocked by clots. This can lead to a number of complications.
The following complications can be prevented if you keep a strict control:
Problems related to blood circulation
Atherosclerosis and the damage of the major blood vessels can lead to difficult blood circulation in the body and thus, harm the heart, brain and peripheral limbs. We must not forget the fact that people with diabetes are more prone to high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels.
When the heart circulation is affected , there is an increased risk of heart attack and angina.
When the brain circulation is affected, there is increased risk of stroke on the brain.
Poor blood circulation in peripheral limbs is called peripheral vascular disease. This could lead to increased frequency of infections, ulcers, and in some cases can lead to gangrene.
Nerve damage caused by diabetes
Most often these are the nerves of the legs and sometimes of the arms.
Damage to the nerves may cause the following symptoms:
Some doctors treating the condition with medications used for the treatment of depression, and epilepsy. In diabetes the blood vessels in the retina can weaken and deteriorate. This may lead to leakage of blood into the eyeball, blearing the vision. This process is called diabetic retinopathy.
Diabetic retinopathy and cataract do not develop overnight. You must have been a diabetic patient for many years to be affected by them. Therefore it’s recommended to visit doctor every 1-2 years.
Diabetics are subject to greater risk of developing infections of the teeth and gums. Is often advisable to visit your dentist.